Luke 19:28 – 48

28 And when he had said these things, he went on ahead, going up to Jerusalem. 29 When he drew near to Bethphage and Bethany, at the mount that is called Olivet, he sent two of the disciples, 30 saying, “Go into the village in front of you, where on entering you will find a colt tied, on which no one has ever yet sat. Untie it and bring it here. 31 If anyone asks you, ‘Why are you untying it?’ you shall say this: ‘The Lord has need of it.’” 32 So those who were sent went away and found it just as he had told them. 33 And as they were untying the colt, its owners said to them, “Why are you untying the colt?” 34 And they said, “The Lord has need of it.” 35 And they brought it to Jesus, and throwing their cloaks on the colt, they set Jesus on it. 36 And as he rode along, they spread their cloaks on the road. 37 As he was drawing near—already on the way down the Mount of Olives— the whole multitude of his disciples began to rejoice and praise God with a loud voice for all the mighty works that they had seen, 38 saying, “Blessed is the King who comes in the name of the Lord! Peace in heaven and glory in the highest!” 39 And some of the Pharisees in the crowd said to him, “Teacher, rebuke your disciples.” 40 He answered, “I tell you, if these were silent, the very stones would cry out.”

41 And when he drew near and saw the city, he wept over it, 42 saying, “Would that you, even you, had known on this day the things that make for peace! But now they are hidden from your eyes. 43 For the days will come upon you, when your enemies will set up a barricade around you and surround you and hem you in on every side 44 and tear you down to the ground, you and your children within you. And they will not leave one stone upon another in you, because you did not know the time of your visitation.”

45 And he entered the temple and began to drive out those who sold, 46 saying to them, “It is written, ‘My house shall be a house of prayer,’ but you have made it a den of robbers.”

47 And he was teaching daily in the temple. The chief priests and the scribes and the principal men of the people were seeking to destroy him, 48 but they did not find anything they could do, for all the people were hanging on his words.

Observation – What does it say?

  • “After saying these things” Jesus just give the parable of the talents.
  • Jesus sent two disciples to get a colt
  • Jesus sent them on ahead of him.
  • Jesus sent them to “the village” no name is given. It may have been Bethany or Bethphage since they were close to both.
  • Jesus told the two disciples what they would find.
  • The owners (plural) asked the disciples what they were doing
  • The only reply the disciples gave to the owner of the colt was what Jesus told them to say. There is no record of any further discussion
  • The two disciples threw their cloaks on the colt
  • The disciples placed Jesus on the colt
  • The colt had never been ridden before
  • As Jesus rode along they spread their cloaks on the road. This was some distance it was not the last 1000 yards.
  • There were a lot of disciples, a multitude of disciples
  • There was excitement and anticipation as Jesus was about to enter Jerusalem
  • The multitude seems to be making a lot of noise as Jesus entered Jerusalem.
  • They were praising God for the mighty works they had seen.
  • They recognized Jesus as a King
  • They recognized Jesus as coming in the name of God
  • Pharisees were in the crowd following Jesus.
  • Pharisees told Jesus to rebuke the Disciples for calling him a “King who comes in the name of the Lord”
  • Pharisees called Jesus teacher
  • Jesus wept over the city. In the middle of this impromptu celebration Jesus starts to weep.
  • Things being hidden is a repeated theme in these last verses of Luke18:34 The 12 did not understand because was hidden from them. And in 19:42 things that make peace hidden from the Jerusalem.
  • Jesus describes an utter destruction of Jerusalem.
  • Destruction will come because Jerusalem did not know the time of its visitation
  • Jesus drove out those who sold from the temple – he did not politely ask them to leave
  • The temple was to be a house of prayer
  • The leaders, i.e. chief priest, scribes, the principal leaders of the people want to destroy Jesus
  • Jesus taught daily – which indicate he taught in the temple several days.
  • There were a lot of people listening to Jesus teaching. They were hanging on his words.

Interpretation – What does it Mean?

Jesus enters the City of Jerusalem with great excitement and anticipation. They, the multitude of disciples, are calling him a king. This appears to make the Pharisees uncomfortable. The Pharisees tell, not ask but tell, Jesus to make them stop. Jesus response was no, it ain’t gonna happ’n. Jesus came to Jerusalem at the start of the passover. Jerusalem was a full of pilgrims at this time of the year, perhaps 300,000 to 400,000 pilgrims. The Romans were very nervous about a rebellion starting and would put down any sign of an insurrection, quickly, brutally and with a scorched earth policy.  As evidence of this consider the siege of Jerusalem in 70 AD. A challenge to the rule of Roman would not be tolerated.

Rome had given the Jews quite a bit of freedom, more so than many other places in the Roman Empire. Herod had even enlarged the Temple area. Jew were not required to serve in the Roman army. Other Roman provinces, were required to provide able bodied men for the Roman army. Therefore, it makes sense that the Jews leaders would not want to upset the Romans. They wanted to maintain the peace. Keep the Romans appease was in everyone’s best interest.

Note the contrast. The Jewish leaders concern for maintaining the peace contrasted to what Jesus says about Jerusalem in verse 42 “Would that you, even you, had known on this day the things that make for peace! But now they are hidden from your eyes.” They desired peace but were unwilling to accept what was required for peace.

I have heard several say that as a result of Jesus going to the temple rather than the palace when he entered the city, to lead the rebellion, the cheering crowd melted away. Their disillusionment is why, a few days later, the crowd cried “crucify Him” That is not supported in this scripture. In fact, Luke states they were hanging on his word. They were interested in his teaching.

Jesus clears out the temple. It could be argued that the sellers within the Temple were providing a religious service. The Temple courtyard was filled with livestock and the tables of the money changers, who changed the standard Greek and Roman money for Jewish and Tyrian money. They were selling animals that were known to be without blemish. They exchange money so that there was a common currency within the temple. All this to insure the religious purity. But here as well as earlier in his teaching Jesus has little regard of religious purity. His repeated concern was the pure heart. The two are not the same. But we often confuse them.

This is the only account of Jesus using physical force in any of the gospels

In spite or perhaps because of Jesus actions in the temple Jesus popularity is not waning yet. There is still much anticipation and excitement. The leaders may not like him. But the general populous still love him. They anticipate the rule of King Jesus.

Application – How does it work?

We all desire peace but peace comes from God. Being sure of God’s love and living according to His will, brings us true peace. Jerusalem did not have peace because they did not know the times in which they lived. Salvation and true peace was literally at their gate and they wanted a cheap version of peace, the removal of the Romans by the populace and the absence of Roman violence by the leadership.

Pray that God will not hide from you the that which makes true peace.

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